Essential Matters in Health Information Systems
Health information systems have profound implications for safety and ethics. Therefore, the article will address the critical issues of privacy, safety and health ethics.
The application of electronic health technologies should address data security concerns and information health confidentiality. Because e-Health technologies are available to large numbers of users across large geographic areas, access to security has become a major concern. To avoid security problems, the information system should be provided with adequate firewall protection, data encryption and password access. However, computer viruses become increasingly intricate and sophisticated as security technology develops.
Safety challenges have threatened the health sector in recent years. The technologies in which health informatics use to present the advantage of being improved and the disadvantage that illegitimate access to information can be performed. In order to simplify and protect the administration of healthcare charges, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act was issued in 1996, establishing a number of privacy and medical rules and procedures to be applied by all service providers. of health. By covering healthcare providers, health plans and health chambers that communicate patient information in electronic form, HIPAA aims to ensure protected health information for individuals. Many protocols and technical methods have been presented as a solution to security issues. These include Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) as the best known and most used.
Mutual trust between various health actors was built through the legislative component, since laws to protect personal medical information were proposed and enforced.
Another source of potential concern in health systems derives from the above and concerns ethics and fair play. It is this aspect that is invested with great importance, because ethics is an essential ingredient for the intensive and efficient development of eHealth. It assures citizens and e-healthcare professionals that they will not be the victims of fraud, medical misinformation, consumer data abuse, marketing of little or questionable value products and services or unsatisfactory e-care services. To oversee the development and expansion of electronic health, policies and mechanisms need to be put in place so that sanctions, unethical practices and fraud are sanctioned, prevented and discouraged, and the privacy and confidentiality of patients’ electronic data preserved.